Quadiriya Tariqah

The earliest Sufi Order in Islam is Quadiriya Tariqah and it was founded by Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (may Allah be pleased with him) who expired in 1166 A.D. in Baghdad, Iraq. The Sufis of the Qadiriyah Order laid great stress on the purification of the self.

A Shaykh (spiritual master), musk-scented in shari’a, tariqa haqiqa and ma’rifa (knowledge of spiritual realities), is able to ascertain the spiritual level of a murid (spiritual seeker/disciple) and can assign additional awraad and azkaar (regular voluntary invocations) to be performed to attain spiritual progress. Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani went on to become the epitome of such spiritual masters.

The tariqa followed by Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani Rady Allahu ‘Anhu came to be called after him as the Quadiriya tariqa and it came to be universally accepted as a divinely-guided path to spiritual progress through zikr (remembrance) of Allah to cleanse one’s heart of all evil, to lead a virtuous life, to attain the love of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam, the love of the Ahl u’l Bayt (the Prophet’s blessed Household), the love of his Sahaba (Companions) and the love of the awliya Allah (friends of Allah); and to follow the shari’a (sacred Muslim law) according to the teachings of any one of the four Imams of madhhab, that is Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Shafi’i, Imam Malik and Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, may Allah Ta’ala be pleased with them all.

According to this philosophy, purification of the mirror of the heart from rust of the carnal, animal and satanic qualities is the essential part of one’s spiritual journey. The Sufis maintained that the human soul came from the world of command and is capable of reflecting the Divine Light, but due to impurities of the self, it does not do so.

If a mirror becomes rusty it cannot reflect any form placed before it, but when the rust is removed, it begins to reflect clearly. Thus if the mirror of the heart is clean, the beauty of the Beloved (Allah) reflects in it and one can see this in the personality of the seeker, inwardly and outwardly.

The Qadiriyah School of Mysticism is based entirely upon the principles of Shariah. In this School, the disciple (murid) accepts Shaikh Sayyiduna Abdul Qadir Jilani (may Allah be pleased with him) as his Grand Shaikh, testifying that the ahd (baiat, i.e. swearing allegiance by the hand) he is taking is the ahd of Almighty Allah and His Apostle (PBUH) and that the hand of the Sufi Shaikh is that of Shaikh Sayyiduna Abdul Qadir Jilani (may Allah be pleased with him), and is expected to subordinate his will to his Spiritual Guide (Pir-i-Murshid).

Hazrat Ghaus-e-Azam (may Allah be well pleased with him) is a ‘Najeeb-ut-Tarfayn’ Sayyid, that is, his father traces his lineage to Imam Hasan (may Allah be well pleaded with him) and his mother traces he lineage to Imam Husayn (may Allah be well pleaded with him).

The venerable Muhyiddin Abdul Qadir al-Jilani, may his soul be sanctified, is al-ghawth al-azam [the manifestation of Allah’s attribute ‘the All-Powerful’], who hears the cry for help and saves the ones in need, and al-qutb al-azam – the pole, the center, the summit of spiritual evolution, the spiritual ruler of the world, the source of wisdom, container of all knowledge, the example of faith in Islam; a true inheritor of the perfection of the Prophet Mustafa; a perfect man; and the founder of the Qadiriyah, the mystical order that has spread far and wide and preserved the true meaning of Islamic Sufism throughout these centuries until our time.

Even the famous 18th century theologian Shah Wali Allah Ad Dehlavi [d.1762] of Delhi, whose primary Sufi affiliation is the Naqshbandi-Mujaddidiyya, praises and respects Abdul Qadir Jilani to such a great extent and declares that the most complete Sufi [in terms of having a connection to the Prophet] is Hazrat Shaikh Sayyiduna Shah Abdul Qadir Jilani (may Allah be well pleased with him). Therefore it is said that the spiritual power (tasarruf) at his blessed tomb is as if he were alive.

Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani is among the highest angels (al-mala al-ala) and he leaves an impression existence, which is felt, throughout the entire world. It is this, from the aspect of the soul (rooh) that one acquires in his spiritual path. Sayyiduna Abdul Qadir has a divine connection, meaning that he is desired by Almighty Allah (murad) and absolutely loved by Almighty Allah making him one of the perfected souls and one of the highest angels. This is why Hazrat Ghaus-ul-Azam is praised to such a high degree.

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ContentQuadiriya in India

There are different opinions about who brought the Quadiriya Sufi Order first to the Indian subcontinent, but it seems to be sure that the Qadiri Tariqat was spread in India two centuries after the death of its founder. Muhammad Enam ul-Haq claims in his work, “A History of Sufism in Bengal, Dhaka 1975”, that the Quadiriya was brought to India first by the Sufi Abdulkarim al-Jili in the year 789 H/1388. It is certain that Al-Jili came to India in these years and stayed there for some years. Muzammil Haq does not completely agree with this. He says that Al-Jili might have been in India at this time but that the sources do not give any information about his attempts to find new members or to propagate the teachings of the Qadiri Tariqat in India.In the second part of the 9th/15th century a Qadiri dargah was founded in Ush (Uch) nearby Multan. The founder was Shaikh Bendegi Muhammad Ghous (Muhammad bin Shah Emir bin. Ali bin. Mesud bin. Ahmad bin. Sayfaddin bin. Abdalwehhab al-Jilani, 903/1517) a grandson of Abdul Qadir Jilani. Shaikh Muhammad Ghous came to Multan/Ush in 877/1482 together with his family and group of murids. They settle in this area where the Suhrawardiyya is active too.

According to Shaikh Abdulhaq ad-Dehlawi (1052/1642) there was at this time a big need for a spiritual leader in Multan. Because of this the Shaikh and his murids were welcomed by the Amir of Multan and the people of Ush. (Uch) Seyyid Muhammad Ghous is the first one to establish the Qadiri tariqat in India and the later generations strengthened it and carried it to the other parts of the country. After the death of Muhammad Ghous, his son and Khalifah Abdulqadir Sani (940/1533) takes his place. For his great efforts for the tariqat he got the title Sani (the second Abdulqadir).

He went on inviting people to tariqat and reached the conversion of a large Hindu group to Islam and to strengthen the belief of the weak Muslims. So the Quadiriya was spread in Sind, Panchup (Punjab) and Kashmir. Then gradually it spread in other parts of India also by having more followers.

A chain of Islamic saints of Qadiriya Tariqa with groups came to various parts of Tamilnadu to propagate islam. There were numerous saints who had settled in various places at various times.

...

Read more


ContentQuadiriya in India

There are different opinions about who brought the Quadiriya Sufi Order first to the Indian subcontinent, but it seems to be sure that the Qadiri Tariqat was spread in India two centuries after the death of its founder. Muhammad Enam ul-Haq claims in his work, “A History of Sufism in Bengal, Dhaka 1975”, that the Quadiriya was brought to India first by the Sufi Abdulkarim al-Jili in the year 789 H/1388. It is certain that Al-Jili came to India in these years and stayed there for some years. Muzammil Haq does not completely agree with this. He says that Al-Jili might have been in India at this time but that the sources do not give any information about his attempts to find new members or to propagate the teachings of the Qadiri Tariqat in India.In the second part of the 9th/15th century a Qadiri dargah was founded in Ush (Uch) nearby Multan. The founder was Shaikh Bendegi Muhammad Ghous (Muhammad bin Shah Emir bin. Ali bin. Mesud bin. Ahmad bin. Sayfaddin bin. Abdalwehhab al-Jilani, 903/1517) a grandson of Abdul Qadir Jilani. Shaikh Muhammad Ghous came to Multan/Ush in 877/1482 together with his family and group of murids. They settle in this area where the Suhrawardiyya is active too.

According to Shaikh Abdulhaq ad-Dehlawi (1052/1642) there was at this time a big need for a spiritual leader in Multan. Because of this the Shaikh and his murids were welcomed by the Amir of Multan and the people of Ush. (Uch) Seyyid Muhammad Ghous is the first one to establish the Qadiri tariqat in India and the later generations strengthened it and carried it to the other parts of the country. After the death of Muhammad Ghous, his son and Khalifah Abdulqadir Sani (940/1533) takes his place. For his great efforts for the tariqat he got the title Sani (the second Abdulqadir).

He went on inviting people to tariqat and reached the conversion of a large Hindu group to Islam and to strengthen the belief of the weak Muslims. So the Quadiriya was spread in Sind, Panchup (Punjab) and Kashmir. Then gradually it spread in other parts of India also by having more followers.

A chain of Islamic saints of Qadiriya Tariqa with groups came to various parts of Tamilnadu to propagate islam. There were numerous saints who had settled in various places at various times.

...

Read more


ContentQuadiriya in India

There are different opinions about who brought the Quadiriya Sufi Order first to the Indian subcontinent, but it seems to be sure that the Qadiri Tariqat was spread in India two centuries after the death of its founder. Muhammad Enam ul-Haq claims in his work, “A History of Sufism in Bengal, Dhaka 1975”, that the Quadiriya was brought to India first by the Sufi Abdulkarim al-Jili in the year 789 H/1388. It is certain that Al-Jili came to India in these years and stayed there for some years. Muzammil Haq does not completely agree with this. He says that Al-Jili might have been in India at this time but that the sources do not give any information about his attempts to find new members or to propagate the teachings of the Qadiri Tariqat in India.In the second part of the 9th/15th century a Qadiri dargah was founded in Ush (Uch) nearby Multan. The founder was Shaikh Bendegi Muhammad Ghous (Muhammad bin Shah Emir bin. Ali bin. Mesud bin. Ahmad bin. Sayfaddin bin. Abdalwehhab al-Jilani, 903/1517) a grandson of Abdul Qadir Jilani. Shaikh Muhammad Ghous came to Multan/Ush in 877/1482 together with his family and group of murids. They settle in this area where the Suhrawardiyya is active too.

According to Shaikh Abdulhaq ad-Dehlawi (1052/1642) there was at this time a big need for a spiritual leader in Multan. Because of this the Shaikh and his murids were welcomed by the Amir of Multan and the people of Ush. (Uch) Seyyid Muhammad Ghous is the first one to establish the Qadiri tariqat in India and the later generations strengthened it and carried it to the other parts of the country. After the death of Muhammad Ghous, his son and Khalifah Abdulqadir Sani (940/1533) takes his place. For his great efforts for the tariqat he got the title Sani (the second Abdulqadir).

He went on inviting people to tariqat and reached the conversion of a large Hindu group to Islam and to strengthen the belief of the weak Muslims. So the Quadiriya was spread in Sind, Panchup (Punjab) and Kashmir. Then gradually it spread in other parts of India also by having more followers.

A chain of Islamic saints of Qadiriya Tariqa with groups came to various parts of Tamilnadu to propagate islam. There were numerous saints who had settled in various places at various times.

...